HISTORY OF ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION IN TURKEYFirst successful organ transplantation has been performed by Haberal and his team as kidney transplantation from mother to her son on 3rd of November 1975 in Hacettepe University Hospital. In 1979 National Organ Transplant Act numbered 2238 about "TAKING, STORING AND TRANSPLANTATION OF ORGANS AND TISSUES" has been effectuated and it has been provided legal framework of organ transplantation. One month after this legislative regulation, the first kidney transplantation from cadaver has been performed. In 1990 liver transplantation between relatives has been performed firstly in Europe and Worldwide respectively. Up to date approximately 4800 kidneys, 2500 livers, 75 hearth, 1 pancreas, 6000 corneas, and 600 bone marrow transplantations have been performed in our country.
In Medical Park Hospitals only 597 liver transplantations have been performed so far.
WHICH ORGANS AND TISSUES CAN BE TRANSPLANTED? Removing an organ from one person and surgically placing it in another person can be the most basic explanation of organ donation.
Worldwide, organs and tissues that can be transplanted include the heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, pancreas, intestine, blood, bone marrow and insulin-secreting pancreas cells.
Heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, pancreas, cornea, bone marrow and blood transplantations are being performed successfully in Turkey.
Which organs and tissues can be transplanted in medical park hospitals for our international patients? • Kidney transplant
• Liver transplant
• Pancreas transplant
• Corneal transplant surgeries are executed within our organ transplant centers.
Our organ transplant centers are ;
• Medical Park Antalya Hospital Complex * • Istanbul Aydın University VM Medical Park Florya Hospital
• Medical Park Göztepe Hospital Complex
- Medical Park Hospitals have performed a total of 597 liver transplants to date.* Medical Park Antalya Hospital Complex Organ Transplant Center became the one which performed the highest number of transplant surgeries with 536 organ transplantations, once again all over the World in 2011.
INCOMPARABLE EXPERIENCE We are well aware that all patients deserve the best of everything and when it comes to the healthcare services in Medical Park, from our point of view, it is inevitable to fulfill the meaning of the word ''best'' by serving them with the accomplished multidisciplinary team under the guidance of highly skilled transplant surgeons. Medical Park is also proud to have one of the most successful and internationally recognized transplant centers which are awarded the name of ''excellence center'' and we are honored to announce the indicators and the facts below ;INDICATORS OF
TRUST! We are willing to take the heat off you … From the rankings below our patients can easily find the answers of many questions come to their minds. We are willing to clarify all points making them hesitant about choosing the location and the competent organ transplant center;
Medical Park Organ Transplantation Centers' outstanding place among the
''TOP TRANSPLANT CENTERS OF THE WORLD''
We are welcoming patients from all regions of Turkey and many different areas of the World. We know that the choice of our patients' is certainly not a coincidence. Reasons behind this preference are the pioneering treatment methods and the caring service provided at every stage of our programmes held in our centers which also help Medical Park to lead the field in the Organ Transplantion.
We offer our patients the most professional and the finest care in every single step of all kinds of transplant processes thanks to our highly skilled surgeons and advanced operating facilities.
SOURCES OF TRANSPLANTED ORGANS - Live donors (relatives up to 4th degree)
In most countries there is a shortage of suitable organs for transplantation because the transplantation needs are not met by organ donations. Currently in our country there are more than 40000 patients living with dialysis (unfortunately most of them are young and middle age between 20-40 years old). They can survive with dialysis machine for 3 times a week and daily 3-4 hours. This has restrictive and detrimental effect on their social life. After renal transplantation they become free from all these restrictions and their survival rate increase. Patients with advanced heart and liver disease are in more dismal condition since there are no auxiliary treatment options such as dialysis so their survival rate is low.
IS ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION A GOOD TREATMENT? By means of organ transplantation lifespan becomes longer and life quality increases with having lower cost comparing the treatment used for end stage organ deficiencies such as dialysis. Therefore organ donation is an important contribution to humanity not only in health outcomes but also in economic consequences for all countries. Additionally patients dependency decreases and loss of workforce becomes the benefit.
We have patients who had kidney transplantations 20 years ago. Their achievements from that times to date can not be compared to any kind of happiness, even can be told from their side as
''miracle''… They have stepped into new relations, they have families and their own businesses thus
''adopted to life in every sense''. It is possible to give many different examples for the other organ transplantations as well. Organ transplantation is a good treatment option for the patients having advanced heart, liver and kidney diseases.
IN WHICH DISEASES ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION IS A NECESSARY TREATMENT?
Organ transplantation is a necessary treatment when the organs become dysfunctional and there is no other medical treatment except transplantation. Currently it is the only treatment to cure patients having chronic and irreversible damage in their organs.
HAVE A LOOK AT THE TIMELINE OF THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL ORGAN TRANSPLANTATIONS PERFORMED IN TURKEY
In 1975 –Kidney transplantation from live donor In 1978 - Kidney transplantation from cadaver In 1988 - Liver transplantation from cadaver In 1989 – First successful heart transplantation In 1990 – Partial liver transplantation from relative In1991 – Heart valve transplantation In 1998 – Liver transplantation from cadaver for 2 patients In 1979 National Organ Transplant Act numbered 2238 about "TAKING, STORING AND TRANSPLANTATION OF ORGANS AND TISSUES" has been effectuated and it was amended in 1982.
WHAT IS BRAIN DEATH? IS IT DIFFERENT FROM VEGETATIVE STATE?
Brain death is a legal definition of death that refers to the irreversible loss of brain activities. It is not possible to take organs before brain dead. It should not be confused with a coma or vegetative state. In brain death brain activities has been lost totally and irreversible. Cardiopulmonary functions can be continued by artificial ventilation and cardiac support but it is not possible for brain functions. Some of the patients in coma or vegetative state may return to life but this is not the case for the patients with brain death. Therefore brain death is a medical and legal definition of death. Patients with brain death and having permission for organ donation are called cadaver donor. Organs from cadaver donor should be taken as soon as possible for transplantation to the patients on transplantation list. Definition of the death operated by a team including neurologist, neurosurgeon, cardiologist and anesthesia/reanimation specialist, after required tests. This is an independent team in which there is no one from transplantation team.
CAN DONATED ORGANS BE SOLD OR GIVEN IN EXCHANGE FOR INTEREST? It is forbidden by Law numbered 2238 that organs shall not be donated against remuneration. Organs from cadaver shall be transplanted to recipient with having highest compatibility through National Coordination System.
IS ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION SUITABLE FOR RELIGION? Islam religion is clear about organ transplantation without any doubt and it is said that saving life is a merit.
Directorate of Religious Affairs describes the organ transplantation as one of the best aid between the people. It has been declared that it was religiously permissible with Directive dated 6.3.1980 and numbered 396. This directive is valid and applicable in all Muslim countries and for the other religions.
All religions including Christianity, Judaism, and Buddhism accept the organ transplantation is a part of human love and they support the efforts on this issue with special contributions for organ donation.
In Koran (Maide Sura, Verse 32) it has been declared that
"GIVING LIFE TO SOMEBODY MEANS GIVING LIFE ALL PEOPLE".
YOU CAN STILL BE ELIGIBLE TO DONATE YOUR ORGANS, EVEN IF YOU HAVE SOME HEALTH PROBLEMS;
Even elderly patients or the patients who have chronic health problems can donate several organs to compatible recipients. For example a patient 70 years old may have functional kidneys.
BECOMING A LIVING ORGAN DONOR MEANS ;
Donation of one healthy kidney or a part of a healthy liver from a living human being to another needy one is called a living donation. In these donations there is no evidence that live organ donors have detrimental effect on their health. The risk of donor is the same with that of recipient as operational risk.
MEDICAL PARK ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION CENTERS;
Medical Park Antalya Hospital Complex Organ Transplantation Center and Medical Park Göztepe Hospital Complex Organ Transplantation Center provide superior services with great success to patients not only in Turkey but also on an international platform in the field of kidney, liver and pancreas transplantations in particular.
Organ transplantation is the most effective treatment method used in patients with terminal organ failure for whom it is not possible to treat due to various reasons. In Turkey, organ transplantation operations have started gaining widespread acceptance with the first successful kidney transplantation performed in the year 1975.
Presently, patients who cannot regain their health by means of other treatment methods get a second chance thanks to organ transplantations, and their quality of life is sustained together with that of their families. In Turkey, kidney transplantation is possible by using the organ of a relative up to the 4th degree who is also a donor.
Survival Rates for Kidney Transplant in Antalya Medical Park
The 'Organ Transplantation Team' broke a new world record for recovery figures following a transplant.
Survival rates for patients undergoing kidney transplants are 98% one year post-transplant, and 96,7% three years after transplant while it is 95,1% one year post-transplant, and 79,8 three years after transplant in USA.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor site.
ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION CENTERS
Medical Park Antalya Hospital Complex Organ Transplantation Center started its operations on November 21 2008 and since then has performed 1225 transplantation operations successfully. The number of transplantations performed in a year elevated this center to the leading position in the world.
• Furthermore, the center achieved follow-up capability above world averages due to 98 percent patient survival rate and more than 95 percent organ survival rate.
• This center performs one third of all the transplantations in Turkey, and has performed more transplantations than those handled in many European countries like Belgium, Norway and Sweden in a year.
• The first triple and quadruple cross donor kidney transplantations as in the history of medicine in Turkey were performed at
Medical Park Göztepe Hospital Complex Organ Transplantation Center.
• The Center has the first cross transplantations team in Turkey that has also handled the largest number of procedures in Europe.
Medical Park Organ Transplantation Center enjoys a reputation for its investments, specialization and success stories not only within Turkey but also around the world.
Medical Park is on par with world's foremost centers operating in the fields of organ failure and organ transplantation, in terms of advanced technology and specialization. 800 organ transplantations are being performed per year at Medical Park Hospitals Group.
As part of its mission to save more people lives, Medical Park started performing organ transplantations in 2008 and performed 68 organ transplantations within its first year. Medical Park has performed 2.331 kidney, liver and pancreas transplantations to date, 512 being in 2009, 544 in 2010, 564 in 2011 and 643 in 2012. The success rates it has achieved in these operations are equivalent to those observed in the U.S.
In 2012, the total number of kidney transplantations performed at Turkish institutions authorized by Ministry of Health was 2903. During the same year, the total number of kidney transplantations performed at Medical Park Hospitals Group has reached 800.
Organ Transplantation Success Rates
In Medical Park Antalya Hospital, total 3883 organ transplantation surgeries were carried out.